Ángela Ruiz Robles came up with ‘mechanical, electric and air-pressure driven method for reading’ in 1949
Four decades after her death, a Spanish teacher who invented an ingenious mechanical forerunner to today’s ebooks has had a street in Madrid named in her honour.
In 1949, Ángela Ruiz Robles, a passionate and innovative educator and writer from Galicia, came up with a way to expand her students’ knowledge and lighten their satchels at the same time.
The head of publisher Hachette has claimed ebooks are a failure – but as an author and a reader, they’ve completely changed my life
I was a relatively late convert to the e-reader, getting my Kindle five years ago when it became clear that reading 600-pages of A Suitable Boy while breastfeeding wasn’t going to work. After a frenzied few months of almost exclusive e-reading, I returned largely to the traditional printed book for a number of reasons: screen fatigue, a tendency to scrawl in margins, because I want my kids to see me reading, and because I’m a passionate supporter of bookshops and booksellers. Hachette Livre CEO Arnaud Nourry recently called ebooks “stupid” – but last summer, they changed my life.
Related: ‘Ebooks are stupid’, says head of one of world’s biggest publishers